Measure biomass and assess the health of crops
Biomass can be measured at all stages of crop development, but probably the most important information for the producer would be the biomass of the soil. This is important for the producer to understand the soil tilth and how effectively different nutrients can be synthesized by the soil, assisting the producer on how much and what kind of fertilizers need to be added based upon the crop type.
Identify pests, diseases, fungus, weeds or overly dried spots in the field before the damage is done
Dry spots can be identified anytime during the growing season. However, the most important time is prior to planting. Dry soils prior to plant emergence can significantly reduce crop yields. Dryness can obviously reduce yields anytime throughout your growing season. Insects, disease, and fungus in forage crops (alfalfa, wheat, and pasture) will have a detrimental effect on yields early in the growing season and should be determined and addressed as early as possible.
Observe vegetation dynamics throughout the growing season
Estimate crop yields (never alone, only combined with other parameters used for prediction)
This is most beneficial to the producer in the last half of the growing season.
Detect areas of concern within the field faster, use water, nutrients, and pesticides more effectively
Nutrients should be identified (and generally are through soil sampling) early in the spring or late winter by agronomy companies. Pesticides will be based upon the infestation level and should be constantly monitored but are probably more important in the later 1/3 of the growing season.
Monitor pasture conditions and productivity
Even during dormant seasons this is highly beneficial for producer decisions. Weather is the most determinant factor on pasture conditions as is proper stocking rates, and grazing seasons based upon the types of species (grasses and animals grazing).
Monitor drought and assist in forecasting areas of fire-hazard
This can be performed all year long. However, it is most beneficial early in spring and late winter to help identify potential risks.
Optimize pesticide usage and crop sprays through early detection
All season long based upon pest pressure.
Provide data on soil fertility and refine fertilization by detecting nutrient deficiencies. Help in managing whether to take agriculture land in or out of production and crop rotation etc
Most beneficial in the fall after the crop has been removed (as well as winter). Most producers make decisions on the next season’s crops in the fall (perhaps before the previous crops have been harvested). This should also be monitored over an extended time frame (5-7 years) to make accurate decisions based upon financial profits/loss.
Count plants and determine population or spacing issues
Measure irrigation. Control crop irrigation by identifying areas where water stress is suspected. Then, make improvements to land areas such as installing drainage systems and waterways based on the multispectral data
Since mechanical treatments/improvements are generally performed outside the growing season, Irrigation analysis should take place before the crop goes dormant or is harvested, so the owner/operator can plan for the off-season.
Please contact us for a live, virtual demonstration to see how SeraPoint can improve your land / crop management processes and financial results.